Path to Sustainable Agriculture in India

Climate change poses a huge risk to India's agriculture sector, which supports over 130 million farmers and provides food security for 1.4 billion Indians.


Current practices lead to sustainability issues such as soil erosion, on-farm emissions, and distortions in the agricultural subsidy system. To develop a sustainable and resilient agriculture industry, India requires an evidence-based strategy that incorporates data from AI models and AI models.

The government should develop a future-ready decision support unit and control tower for climate action in agriculture under ICAR, capable of forecasting cropping patterns and productivity throughout time. This data can be made available as a digital public good to help private-sector entities such as NGOs and businesses plan supply chain initiatives. A "Climate Solutions Hub" should find local solutions and conduct impact studies to help them grow.

A sustainable transition would include the creation of the appropriate ecosystem surrounding farmers, including access to new supplies, equipment, and infrastructure required to shift farming operations. These transformations also require financial support, such as grant-based finance to protect farmers from early losses, results-based financing to promote greater climate action and outcomes, and concessional debt to fund climate-smart infrastructure projects.

Many pieces of the puzzle are in place today to create a sustainable and resilient agriculture and food system, but the entire system must be scaled.