India decides to ratify Kigali Amendment to Montreal Protocol

India has decided to ratify a key amendment to the Montreal Protocol (1989) for saving the ozone layer. The Kigali amendment enables the stepwise phasing out of hydrofluorocarbons, a set of 19 chemicals that are responsible for ozone depletion.


China and the USA have to achieve this same target (80% reduction in the use of HFCs) by 2045 and 2034 respectively. According to a recent factsheet issued by Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), a US-based environmental organization, and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), 122 countries had ratified the Kigali Amendment by the end of July 2021. India said it will draw up a national strategy for the phase-down of HFCs by the year 2023 in “consultation with all industry stakeholders”. India has to reduce its HFC use by 80% by the year 2047.