India's Unique Path to Net-Zero Carbon Emissions

India surprised everyone at the COP26 by putting a date on the carbon neutrality goal, although it is 20 years later than what the developed countries have set and 10 years more than China. It is justified, because during the last decade when the climate change initiatives started to gather momentum around the world, India was just making it into the list of large carbon emitters. American and European nations have had enough time to pump the atmosphere with greenhouse gases, establish cities with good infrastructure and pull their people out of poverty before starting out on this ambitious journey of cutting carbon.


India is still building its cities, people still don’t have access to LPG for cooking or CNG or electrically operated vehicles for transport, wood burning in rural areas is common for cooking, gas of still far many experts have suggested that even switching to coal from wood will be an improvement. Adding to the already underdeveloped situation of the energy and fuel sector, India is already seeing and will see more effects of global warming and season shifts in the coming decade, Indian summers are getting extremely hot, both the intensity and frequency of heatwaves projected to increase in coming years, the demand for air conditioning is surging with every passing year and to maintain a power supply during summers is a tough task, whether that energy comes from coal or a solar panel becomes secondary. 

India has demanded $1 trillion as foreign aid over the course of the next decade for achieving its sustainability goals, it is unlikely that it’ll get it. India still has an opportunity to become the role model that it never had. To build sustainable cities, rely on its domestic technology and workforce to pursue its carbon neutrality goals.