Global warming and land use change to drive more extreme wildfires

A study conducted by the United Nations Environmental Programme(UNEP) says that there will be a global increase in extreme fires of up to 14% by 2030, compared to the number recorded in 2010-2020. The increase could reach 30% by 2050 and 50% by the end of the century.


Scientists believe that the cases of extreme wildfire will increase in coming decades because of changes in the atmospheric composition and land use. Catastrophic fires, defined as something that happens once every 100 years are going to increase by a factor of 1.3 to 1.5. This will increase the amount of Carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere.

Africa, which accounts for about 2/3rd of wildfires, the cases are decreasing because they are turning their forests into agricultural lands at a fast pace. The instances of fire are growing polewards. According to the study the frequency and intensity of wildfires in Arctic regions will grow because of climate change.

 the study is about catastrophic fires, it will also affect small forest fires, ones that happen around human population, a major factor is how the local agencies plan to avoid fires in the first place, because there is a lot of money spent in firefighting, but not enough is spent on preventing the fires in the first place.