Making fishing sustainable

Fishing is becoming an industry with highly unethical and eco-destructive and there is a need for adopting sustainable practices.


As the world's demand for food is increasing, it is putting stress on our natural resources. One of them under the most threat is the fisheries. According to Sustainability Times, 90% of the planet’s fish are currently either overfished or fully exploited by industries. They fulfill a large surplus by giving out unsustainable subsidies. It allows bottom trawling as a method of fishing. In this destructive practice, fishermen drag heavy nets the size of a football field, across the seafloor, catching everything in the way and disrupting irreplaceable habitats.

Every creature from starfish to turtles is scooped up, and deep-sea coral reefs are completely erased. More than 400 million tonnes of marine life have been lost to unmonitored bottom trawling. On top of it, bottom trawlers have discarded overboard as much as 13 million tons of plastic enters the ocean every year. This practice also deprives people of their legitimate livelihoods because of unsustainable subsidies and unauthorized procedures used for fishing. In COP26, the harmful effects on the climate were also discussed. Bottom trawling also churns up the seabed and releases stores of carbon that have lain safely for a long time. This releases about one billion tonnes of CO2 every year. Thus this practice must be made environmentally and economically ethical.