India’s Mud House: Is a Solution for Climate Change?

Rosie Paul and Sridevi Changali, architects from India, are experimenting with mud construction as a potential answer to climate change.


Architects rarely consider the use of cement and steel, which together account for roughly 40% of worldwide CO2 emissions. They believe climate change has a direct impact on shelter and the requirement for resilient architecture.

Mud building provides various advantages, including breathable properties, high thermal mass, and inexpensive transportation costs. It allows moisture to enter dwellings, increasing indoor air quality while preventing dampness and mold accumulation. Mud walls have a high thermal mass, which absorbs heat from solar radiation and stores it at lower temperatures. This eliminates the need for air conditioning equipment, which requires a lot of electricity and emits greenhouse gases.

Mud is widely available, lowering transportation costs and footprints. Local communities are responsible for manufacturing and processing, which benefits local livelihoods rather than massive manufacturing units and enterprises. 

The goal is to challenge barriers and motivate more individuals to fight climate change by hiring more women in architecture companies and construction sites.