A new international airport is being constructed in Noida and is bringing along with it a major ecological conflict. The area demarcated for the building of the airport is a major habitat for the black buck(chinkara) and crane(sarus). The Wildlife Institute of India has laid out a detailed plan to preserve their population around the area of Jewar.
The airport will be spreading over 5000 hectares, which is estimated to be double the size of Indira Gandhi International airport, but its first phase is about one-fourth of its area i.e 1334 hectares. The vegetation of this area mostly comprises shrubs and agricultural areas and it is located on the banks of the Yamuna river, making the land fertile. Due to the river course and fertile land, a few species of birds like the peafowl and crane along with herbivores like deer have a habitat in the area. To assess the environmental impact on all flora and fauna, an expert committee from the MoEFCC suggested the Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority(YEIDA) consult with the Wildlife Institute of India(WII) on the matter.
After an extensive survey, WII submitted a report on the biodiversity mapping of the Jewar region and also conducted workshops to bring forward the solution for their conservation and possible relocation. According to their report, in a radius of 100km, there are 48 wildlife patches. To conserve the species, strategies suggested were habitat restoration and improvement and regular scientific monitoring.